Antalya-The Capital of
It is the capital city of the Antalya Province on the
Mediterranean coast of Turkey.(36°54'45¨N, 30°41'23¨E). The
population of the city is 603,190 (2000 census) but reaches
up to 2 million in summers. Situated on a steep cliff,
Antalya is a picturesque city surrounded by mountains,
forests, Mediterranean Sea and many ancient ruins; with its
airport it is a gateway for Turkey's coastal resorts.
Combining history and culture it deserves the title of "the
capital of Turkish tourism". Today the city of Antalya is
reliving a golden age. It has been transformed into a
cultural and touristic hub with thematic hotels. Kaleici,
the rustic old town, where historic Turkish and Greek houses
are under protection, is the most popular center in Antalya.
It is situated between the yacht harbour and the main city.
Old houses that are separated by narrow, cobble-stone roads
are now hotels and tourism-related shops. Traces of
Byzantine, Roman and Seljuks architecture and culture can
still be seen.
Inside the city Yivli Minare and Kulliye,
Karaalioglu park are places where Ottoman architecture
can be seen. Konyaalti and Lara coasts are
well known with their crystal clear waters. The prominent
sites accesible by daily tours are Side, Perga, Manavgat
and Alanya. Ancient cities like Phaselis,
Olympos, Adrasan and Kekova can be reached from
the sea by Blue voyagers.
Antalya is described by many travellers as Turkey’s most
seductive coastal city. It is blessed with fine beaches,
ancient sites, a superb panorama of plain and mountain and a
near perfect climate for sun seekers. Three hundred day of
sunshine a year are not uncommonly recorded and even the
winters are mild due to the protection of the Taurus
mountains to the north.
The Duden Waterfall, 12 km to the north of the city
is a favourite resort for swimmers and picnickers.
In historical times, Hittites, Greeks, Romans, Seleucids,
Seljuks and Ottomans have possessed the area and all have
left their traces of some manner or another. For Antalya’s
long historical records the Archaeological Museum
recommended which can be found in Kenan Evren Avenue.
Aksu (Perge), Perge is the place from where the
Alexander the Great entered Pamfilya. It s observed by the
things found in excavations that Perge was a religious
center of the Byzantium period. It became a part of the
Ottoman in 1391. the theatre (15.000 people capacity), city
walls, Agora, baths, column street, Acropolis are some of
the historical places found in excavations.
Belkıs (Aspendos), Aspendos is located on the road of
Alanya- Antalya which 48 km east of Antalya. In antiquity
Aspendos was the richest city. The Aspendos Amphitheatre is
the most imposing building of Aspendos. The first theatre
festival in Turkey was organized in Aspendos Amphitheatre in
Olympos, In Lycian times the ancient port city of
Olympos was one of the members of the Lycian Federation.
Because of the wealth of Olympos, it had three (compared to
less wealthy cities that had only one) seats in the
federation. During this period the city was subject to raids
by pirates. Later, the city was rescued by the Roman
commander Isauricus. The city’s wealth was due to its
strategic trading position – it benefited from Genoese and
Venetian traders who took advantage of the city’s natural
harbour. You can also see the legendary
Yanartaş Hill 7 km west of Olympos.